Ethnographie d'une Utopie: Auroville, cité internationale en Inde du Sud

Horassius, Marie (2021) Ethnographie d'une Utopie: Auroville, cité internationale en Inde du Sud. Doctoral thesis, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales.

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The end of the 20th century saw the emergence of new conceptions and new values. They took off, transforming themselves into real social demands carried by the "new social movements" of the 60s and 70s and the emergence of what the human sciences call the New Religious Movements.

Auroville, an international community founded in 1968, fully embraces these conceptions, while having traced its own and specific path. As a result of the demands of the 1960s, it continues its commitment today by emphasizing ecological technological research. Its ambition is to build an autonomous space where individuals of all nationalities could come to build "human unity". Until then, the studies produced on Auroville have always focused on a specific technological theme, ecologist or spiritualist. To my knowledge, there were no anthropological studies built on the very entity of Auroville by a non-Aurovilian. It is the stated ambition of this thesis: to reveal through the monographic principles, the soul, the spirit, the Aurovilian core and culture. What makes coming and staying in Auroville? How is the community organized? What is its ideal? And finally, what does it mean to be Aurovilian for those who live there?

This international community is trying to build new ways of living together around alternative economic and political tools and a spiritual conception. Its ancient and rich tradition is today associated with new syncretic and holistic perspectives, widespread worldwide. Through this study, we have tried to summarize the different works built on the community, to add our own analysis to them and to extract a certain coherent unity from them. The ethnographic approach reveals, as much as possible, how residents live and think about the world around them. From
the analysis of the political system to its economic and cosmogonic system, this monograph in the image of classical anthropology hopes to capture as closely as possible the vision of the world shared by this group and the actions taken to achieve it. Auroville, far from ideal, however strongly refers to the concept of utopia where the emphasis is on an "ideal to be achieved" rather than on a rigidity of execution. Nevertheless, it is through the micro-located analysis that we would like to reveal these issues and changes, thus allowing dialogue between micro-social analyses and global perspective. Drawing on contemporary theories of
social anthropology, we will seek to unveil, through empirical field analysis, the cultural changes underway in the contemporary world. Auroville then represents a mirror of these cultural changes and shows possible reconfigurations in the economic, political and religious fields, and it seemed essential to unveil certain springs today.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Monograph, Auroville, South India, Sri Aurobindo, The Mother, Mirra Alfassa, TAZ, Utopia, alternative community, “bricolage”, New-Age, syncretism, cultural creatives...
Subjects: Collective Organisation > Collective Organisation (General)
Conflict and Human Unity > Conflict and Human Unity (General)
Culture and Diversity > Culture and Diversity (General)
Economy > Economy (General)
Spirituality > Spirituality (General)
Town Planning > Town Planning (General)
Depositing User: Dr. Suryamayi Clarence-Smith
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2021 06:55
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2021 06:55

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